Treatment of Zinc Deficiency and Healthy Skin





Side effects

The effectiveness of zinc in treating acne depends on its form:

  • Oral Zinc Supplements: Effective for systemic treatment but may cause gastrointestinal side effects.
  • Topical Zinc Applications: Useful for mild acne and reducing bacterial load on the skin with fewer systemic side effects (Healthline, n.d.).

Dietary Sources of Zinc

Recommended Daily Intake

The recommended daily intake of zinc varies by age and sex. For females aged 14-18 years, the recommendation is 9 mg, and for those aged 18 and up, it is 8 mg. Pregnant and breastfeeding women require higher amounts. For males aged 14 and older, the recommendation is 11 mg (National Institutes of Health, n.d.).

Zinc-Rich Foods

Incorporating zinc-rich foods into the diet is the best way to ensure adequate intake. Foods high in zinc include:

  • Seafood: Oysters are particularly rich in zinc.
  • Meat: Red meat and poultry.
  • Dairy Products: Milk and cheese.
  • Legumes: Beans, lentils, and chickpeas.
  • Nuts and Seeds: Pumpkin seeds, cashews, and almonds.
  • Whole Grains: Whole wheat and fortified cereals (Mayo Clinic, n.d.; Healthline, n.d.).

Supplementation and Safety

When to Consider Supplements

Zinc supplements should be considered if dietary intake is insufficient or if certain medical conditions impair zinc absorption. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any supplementation to avoid potential toxicity and interactions with other medications (DermNet NZ, n.d.).

Types of Zinc Supplements

Common forms of zinc supplements include zinc acetate, zinc gluconate, and zinc sulfate. There is no definitive evidence that one form is superior to the others. The choice of supplement should be guided by individual tolerance and medical advice (National Institutes of Health, n.d.).

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