Diagnostic Approaches of Fungal Nail Infections

Overview

Causes

Symptoms

Diagnostic Approaches

Treatment Strategies

Preventive Measures

Complications

Treatment

Diagnosing onychomycosis is vital for effective treatment and involves both clinical examination and laboratory tests. The diagnosis often starts with a visual inspection to identify typical signs of fungal infections. Further diagnostic methods include:

  • KOH Testing: This involves scraping the nail and treating it with potassium hydroxide to dissolve the keratin and reveal fungal elements under a microscope.
  • Culture: Nail samples are cultured to identify the specific fungus responsible for the infection.
  • Histological Examination: Nail clippings are stained and examined under a microscope to detect fungal elements directly.
  • Dermoscopy: A non-invasive technique providing a magnified view of the nail, helpful in visualizing subtle clinical signs.

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