Causes of Acne in children

Acne in children






What Causes Acne?

The precise cause of acne is not fully understood, but several factors are associated with its development:

  1. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, pregnancy, and the menstrual cycle can trigger acne. Rising levels of androgens in both boys and girls during puberty increase sebum production and skin cell turnover, leading to clogged pores
  2. Cosmetics and Skincare Products: Products that block pores can exacerbate acne.
  3. Environmental Factors: High humidity, sweating, and wearing clothing that rubs or irritates the skin can contribute.
  4. Medications: Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, can cause or worsen acne.

Acne in Children

In children, acne can be influenced by additional factors:

  1. Neonatal Acne: Likely results from hyperactive sebaceous glands responding to neonatal and maternal androgens. Androgen levels decrease after about 1 year but increase again around 7 years of age with the onset of adrenarche.
  2. Infantile Acne: May be linked to higher levels of androgens in males during early childhood, resulting in increased sebum production and subsequent acne.
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