Acne in children

Overview
Acne in children

Overview

Causes

Symptoms

Diagnosis

Treatment

Acne represents a dysfunction of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands, wherein the latter release sebum into the former. Sebaceous glands distribute oil (sebum) into the hair follicles, which in turn moisten the skin and hair, subsequently reaching the skin surface via pores. Prevalent among children and young adults aged 11 to 30, acne manifests in various forms across different age groups, from newborns to adults. Typically originating in puberty but potentially occurring at any age, acne arises when pores become obstructed by a combination of dead skin cells and sebum, facilitating bacterial infiltration. Acne encompasses diverse presentations, including non-inflamed comedones (whiteheads and blackheads) and inflamed lesions, such as pustules, papules, nodules, and cysts, each exhibiting distinct characteristics and depths within the skin.

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