Treatment and Complications of Neurofibromatoses






Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1)

There is no cure for NF1, but treatment involves regular monitoring and addressing any problems as they occur. Treatment options include:

  • Surgery: To remove tumors and treat bone deformities.
  • Medications: To control secondary conditions like high blood pressure.
  • Physiotherapy: To improve mobility and strength.
  • Psychological support: To help cope with the emotional impact of the condition.
  • Pain management: To alleviate chronic pain.

Careful monitoring and treatment can help people with NF1 live a full life, though there is a risk of serious problems like certain types of cancer, which can reduce life expectancy.

Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2)

Treatment for NF2 involves regular monitoring and addressing issues as they arise. Surgery can remove most tumors but carries risks such as complete deafness or facial weakness. Special implants and hearing aids can help with hearing loss. Most people with NF2 will experience significant hearing loss and may benefit from learning to lip-read. NF2 tends to worsen over time, with the speed of progression varying among individuals. Tumors inside the brain and spinal cord can strain the body and shorten life expectancy.


Treatment focuses on managing chronic pain, which can be debilitating. Options include pain management strategies


NHS. (2021, August 11). Neurofibromatosis type 1. Retrieved from

NHS. (2021, April 27). Neurofibromatosis type 2. Retrieved from

NHS. (2021, April 27). Neurofibromatosis type 1 – Treatment. Retrieved from

‹‹Previous (Diagnosis)



Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *