Causes and Risk Factors of Ocular Melanoma

Overview

Causes

Symptoms

Diagnosis

Treatment

The exact causes of ocular melanoma are not well understood, but several risk factors have been identified. Genetic mutations in melanocytes lead to uncontrolled cellular growth, forming a melanoma. Risk factors include:

– Genetic predisposition: Certain genetic conditions and mutations increase susceptibility.

– Age: Most common in middle-aged and elderly populations.

– Race and Eye Color: Higher incidence in Caucasians and individuals with lighter eye colors.

– Sun Exposure: Potential contributing factor, though its role is less significant than in cutaneous melanoma.

– Occupational and environmental exposures: Some studies suggest chemicals or radiation may play a role.

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