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Cosmetics

Treatment skin ageing

TreatmentAnti aging skincare Overview Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Treatment Options • Antiageing Creams: Long-term application to face, neck, and hands, containing sunscreens, fruit acids, vitamin C, retinoids, and growth factors. • Fillers (Implants): Injected to conceal lines and scars, including collagen, hyaluronic acid, and fat. • Resurfacing Procedures: Surgical or laser methods removing the top skin layer, like dermabrasion and chemical peels. • Surgery: Necessary for sagging skin, including facelifts and eyelid surgeries. • Botulinum Toxin: Used to reduce muscle activity, especially in facial expression lines. • Vascular and Pigment …
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Diagnosing Skin Ageing

Diagnosis Anti aging skincare Overview Causes Symptoms Diagnosis  Treatment • Clinically diagnosed based on visible signs, with suspicious lesions often biopsied for confirmation. ‹‹Previous (Symptoms)       Next (Treatment)›› …
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Symptoms skin ageing

Symptoms Anti aging skincare Overview Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Clinical Features • Intrinsic Ageing: Appears dry, pale, and thin, with mild pigmentation changes and benign neoplasms. • Extrinsic Ageing: Affects exposed areas, leading to roughness, wrinkling, and various lesions. Ethnicity and Skin Ageing: • Fair-skinned individuals are more prone to photoageing, while those with skin of color have some protection. • Different ethnicities show varied responses to photoageing, with specific phenotypes observed. ‹‹Previous (Causes)       Next (Diagnosis)›› …
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Causes of Skin Ageing

CausesAnti aging skincare Overview Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment • Intrinsic ageing involves clinical, histological, and physiological changes in sun-protected skin. • Environmental factors like UV radiation, menopause, smoking, and nutrition contribute to ageing. • Immune dysfunction can also accelerate skin ageing. ‹‹Previous (Overview)       Next (Symptoms)›› …
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Treatment Approaches acne scarring

TreatmentAcne scar Overview Causes Diagnosis Treatment While scars naturally fade over time, various treatments can improve their appearance: • Silicone dressings or gels • Steroid injections or creams • Cryotherapy • Laser therapy • Skin camouflage products • Psychological support if scarring affects mental well-being Types of Scars and Their Characteristics Scars vary in color and symptoms, including fine-line scars, atrophic scars, keloid scars, hypertrophic scars, and contracture scars, each with distinct features and treatments. Effective Treatment Strategies Tailored treatment strategies consider scar size, depth, location, and patient preferences. Resurfacing …
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Diagnosing acne scarring

DiagnosisAcne scar Overview Causes Diagnosis Treatment Diagnosing acne scarring relies on clinical assessment and history of acne and scar presentation. Biopsy may be considered in cases of diagnostic uncertainty. Differential diagnosis includes other scarring causes and conditions mimicking keloid or hypertrophic scars. ‹‹Previous (Causes)     Next (Treatment)›› …
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Causes acne scarring

CausesAcne scar Overview Causes Diagnosis Treatment Acne scarring arises as a normal skin response to inflammation or injury, exacerbated by factors like picking at active acne lesions. Most acne scars result from an inflammatory process leading to collagen fiber destruction in the dermis, with additional fibrosis possible. This can culminate in hypertrophic or keloid-type scars. ‹‹Previous (Overview)     Next (Diagnostics)›› …
How can I manage acne effectively?Acne

How can I manage acne effectively?

Consider these tips – Gently cleanse affected areas no more than twice daily using a mild soap and lukewarm water. – Refrain from picking or squeezing blemishes to prevent worsening and permanent scarring. – Opt for water-based, non-comedogenic makeup and remove it before bedtime. – Combat dry skin with a fragrance-free, water-based emollient. – Stay active for mood and self-esteem benefits, but shower promptly afterward to prevent sweat-related irritation. – Maintain clean hair by regular washing and preventing it from falling onto your face. …
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Diagnostics

DiagnosticsAcne Overview Causes Diagnostics Treatment Complication Acne diagnosis by a general practitioner entails visual examination of the skin, encompassing areas like the face, chest, or back, to identify various lesions such as blackheads or inflamed nodules. Treatment protocols and referral decisions hinge upon the severity of the condition, typically categorized as mild, moderate, or severe. Mild cases primarily feature whiteheads and blackheads, occasionally accompanied by papules and pustules. Moderate presentations exhibit a wider distribution of whiteheads and blackheads, often accompanied by numerous papules and pustules. Severe instances entail the presence …
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Causes

CausesAcne Overview Causes Diagnostics Treatment Complication Acne, a dermatological condition, arises from the obstruction of hair follicles, microscopic apertures in the skin. Sebaceous glands, located proximate to the skin’s surface, are associated with these follicles, secreting sebum, an oily substance, to moisturize both hair and skin. Excessive production of sebum in acne leads to its amalgamation with dead skin cells, forming a plug within the follicle. This plug may manifest externally as a whitehead or remain open, resulting in a blackhead. Subsequent contamination by ordinarily benign skin bacteria can induce …
Injections of botulinum toxin, like Botox Thinking about getting Botox?Cosmetic treatments without surgery

Injections of botulinum toxin, like Botox Thinking about getting Botox?

Here’s what you need to know – Botox helps smooth facial lines and wrinkles by relaxing muscles, like crow’s feet and frown lines. – It’s not a forever fix, usually lasting around 3 or 4 months. – In the UK, prices range from £100 to £350 per treatment, depending on where and who does it. – NHS doesn’t cover Botox for cosmetic reasons. Things to consider – Be clear on why you want Botox. – Ensure your injector is qualified, experienced, and on a register showing they meet standards. – …
Cosmetics

Acne scar

OverviewAcne scar Overview Causes Diagnosis Treatment Acne scarring is a common consequence of acne, a dermatological condition prevalent among young adults, often persisting for years. While acne primarily affects the face and upper back, it can manifest in areas rich in sebaceous glands. Scarring, a fibrous process involving the deposition of new collagen to heal full-thickness injuries like cutaneous inflammation in acne, leaves lasting marks on the skin. Scar Management Tips To aid scar healing and enhance appearance, consider the following steps: • Massage the scar with water-based creams, such …